Wednesday, 31 May 2017

ICC Cricket Champions Trophy Live Telecast Free Channels List

ICC Cricket Champions Trophy Live Telecast Free Channels List
Free Champions Trophy on

  1. Asia-sat 7
  2. Arcana_tv
  3. Btv National 
  4. 4 feet Dish
  5. Paksat 1R
  7. 4 Feet Dish 
  8. Yahsat 52e
  9. Lemar HD
  10. Watan HD
  11. Star Sports 
  12. 2 Feet Dish

Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Divisional Public School & Inter College Lahore Teaching Jobs 2017 | Junior Teacher (Bps 16) for All Major Subjects

Divisional Public School & Inter College Lahore Teaching Jobs 2017 | Junior Teacher (Bps 16) for All Major Subjects
Divisional Public School & Inter College Lahore
(Screening Test)
 To Download Advertisement :
 To Download Content Weightages :
 To Download Application Form :
 Last Date For Application Submission:
 Wednesday, 14th June 2017
 Test Date:
 Will be Announced Soon​

Monday, 29 May 2017

MetaLimbs gives you an extra pair of robotic hands

We're not going to lie, an extra pair of hands would be pretty useful sometimes (dare we say, handy). Imagine you're typing out an email while a third hand is bringing a coffee cup up to your lips, or reading a book while chowing down on some potato chips and petting the dog. A team of Japanese engineers has come up with a solution dubbed MetaLimbs – a set of robotic arms that are controlled with your feet and knees.

 Everyone needs an extra pair of hands every now and then The robot limbs can be affixed with different tools The control system uses positional tracking on both the wearer's knees and feet The robot hands are controlled by sensors that track a wearer's toe movements
Based at the University of Tokyo, researchers at the Inami Laboratory saw our limited number of limbs as a problem they could engineer a solution to. MetaLimbs, or Multiple Arts Interaction Metamorphism, is a set of robotic arms that reach around under your human arms and are controlled by sensors attached to your legs.

Positional tracking balls on the knees and feet direct the arm movement, while a sock device allows the movement of your toes to control the grasp of the robot hands. There are even haptic sensors on the robot hands that generate force feedback on your feet. The arms are intended to be worn while sitting, but can be used while standing depending on the task at hand.

Judging by the video there is a bit of a steep learning curve in figuring out how to control the robotic arms with your legs. We certainly wouldn't be advocating using the robo-hands for any delicate activities, like scratching your eye or defusing a bomb, as a small leg twitch seems to translate into a large jerk of the arm, but there would certainly be plenty of scenarios when they'd be useful.

The team are presenting the device in Los Angeles at the upcoming SIGGRAPH2017 Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques that runs from July 30 to August 3.

Take a look at the MetaLimbs in action in the video below.

Source: Inami Laboratory - YouTube

Salaries Revised Pay Scales Chart 2017 Pakistan Government Employees BPS 1 to BPS 22

A 10% ad hoc relief allowance for all civil and armed forces employees
10% increase in pensions
Up to BPS-5 employees exempted from paying house-rent charges at the rate of 5%
Daily allowance – domestic – increased by 60%
Orderly allowance revised from Rs.12,000 to Rs.14,000
Rate for transportation of dead bodies and local burial revised from Rs.1,600 to Rs.4,800 and Rs.5,000 to Rs.15,000 respectively
Constant attendant allowance admissible to Armed Forces and CAF increased from Rs.3,000 to   Rs.7,000
Different allowances for offices and sailors of Pakistan Navy revised including; hard-lying pay, compensation for batman, uniform allowance and ration allowance
Design allowance increased by 50%
For employees of Pakistan Post, certain rates of allowances revised
The salary structure of Jawans of the Frontier Constabulary made attractive by giving Rs. 8,000 per month fixed allowance.
The minimum wage of labour increased from Rs.14,000 to Rs.15,000 per month.

Sunday, 28 May 2017

Comsats Attock Campus Admission Fall 2017

Comsats Lahore Campus Admission Fall 2017

Comsats Lahore Campus Admission Fall 2017

Islamabad Capital Territory ICT Police Jobs 2017 | Federal Government of Pakistan

Islamabad Capital Territory ICT Police Jobs 2017

Federal Government of Pakistan

Last Date to Apply is 12 June 2017

Project Manager
Service Centre Manager
Sr.Civil Engineer
Sr.Software Engineer
Mobile Developer
Database Admin
Software Engineer
Network Engineer
Admin Officer
Accounts Officer
Data Entry Operator
Security Guards
Naib Qasid
Follower Staff (Sweeper)

  • For Post Bps 1 to 15 use form I
  • For Post Above use Form II

Educators Merit List Faisalabad Update 31st May 2017

ESE(BPS-9)(Sci_Maths) Tentative Lists Display ho gayi hain
Male 20 Schools Lists Technical High School & Female 20 Schools Lists DEO(EE-W) Office display huwi hain
All Schools Male/Famale Link jaldi dy diya jaye ga
Priorities All Candidates ny again submit karwani hain
Priorities Forms and Objections will be taken from 29th May 2017 till 31st May 2017 in Govt Technical High School D-Ground Faisalabad

Comsats Vehari Campus Admission Fall 2017 For BS Programs

*** Alert***
Entry test for admission in CIIT VHR. 
Graduate Assessment Test (GAT General 2017-III) for Admission in MS/Mphill
Candidates with a minimum of sixteen years of education are eligible to appear in the test.
Announcement Date: Sunday, 21 - May, 2017
Last Date For Application Submission: Monday, 5 - June, 2017
Test Date: Sunday, 9 - July, 2017
National Aptitude Test (NAT 2017-VI)
National Aptitude Test (NAT) is for admissions. For admission in Bachelor+Graduate program at CIIT VHR (BBA, BSCS, MA, MCS, etc)
Announcement Date: Sunday, 21 - May, 2017
Last Date For Application Submission: Wednesday, 31 - May, 2017
Test Date: Sunday, 18 - June, 2017

Properties of membership function, fuzzification & defuzzification-Lectu...

What is

Topic: Etsy
What is
Etsy is an online buyer and seller community similar to eBay, but focuses on selling arts, crafts handmade or vintage items and supplies.
With around 30 million visitors per month Etsy provides a wonderful platform for artisans, crafters and creative designers which helps them in spreading their work to the worldwide audience and grow their business.
Your aim should be to leverage Etsy’s powerful visitor base to reach millions of people and sell your products to them without getting into the hassle of creating your own website, promoting it and handling payment processing.
Top Etsy sellers make upto 1 million dollars a year by selling arts, crafts and handmade items.
If you take action, you can also be one among them.
Suitable For -
Artistic and craftier people who love to envision, design and create their own items/products.
Skills Required -
1. Creative abilities to imagine, think, design and create items which can be sold online.
2. Ability to promote your Etsy store using social media channels such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter, along with other methods such as blogging, guest posting, networking.
Time Required For Creating Your Store On Etsy -
You can register on Etsy almost instantly.
But while creating your store you’ll need to craft its title, get photos of items that you want to sell, write a compelling description, decide on pricing points.
To complete the above-mentioned steps it might one or two days.
Tips -
1. Decide what you are going to sell - Before getting your feet inside Etsy make a list of items that you think you can create.
Once the list is ready, go to Etsy and type in keywords to find other sellers who offer similar items which you are planning to sell.
Discover what they are selling? how do their products differ from others? What are their pricing strategies?
Do some competition analysis and try to find items within your list which will face less competition.
Based on your initial research and competition analysis finalize an item which you think will be more suitable for creating your initial space on Etsy.
2. Select a name for your store - Once you register an account with Etsy, the first thing you’ll have to do is to setup your store. And naming your store is the first step of the setup process.
Select a name that represents what you want to sell. But don’t waste your time on lingering for finding a perfect name.
Etsy gives you one more chance to rename your store, so pick a name right away, and give it more thought later on.
3. Set up your store - Following are the important steps you’ll need to follow while setting up for the store.
- Create a logo
Creating a logo is very important for building a brand and improving credibility.
Make sure the logo you design is unique and represents the items you want to sell.
If you don’t have graphic design skills it’s always better to outsource the logo designing task to somebody on Fiverr.
Tell them what you want and let the Fiverr experts do the job for you.
- Take appealing item photos
Photos are going to be the first point of contact between your potential customer and your item.
So you need to make sure that your item photos do the job catching customer’s eyeballs and convince him/her to read the description.
If they don’t find item’s photos appealing then they’ll never bother reading your item’s description.
One trick is to study the photographs of other successful stores who sell similar items like yours and then replicate their technique.
If possible try to take photos using a DSLR and use white plain backgrounds.
- Offer varying price points and sizes
Most of the successful Etsy sellers offer varying item sizes and prices, this helps them to attract all levels of buyers.
This strategy helps them to ensure that there is always something for everyone.
For e.g. If you sell smaller original pieces at a lower price point, people who cannot afford to buy large expensive pieces can still buy from you.
In this way, you’ll cater the needs of both expensive and budget buyers.
5. Write compelling description - Your item’s description is the second most important factor after photos, it does the job of persuading potential customers to place an order with you.
So make sure that you write the most compelling item description.
The best way to start is to study what your competitors have written their description, study the biggest questions that your potential customer ask.
Take notes and model your description based on your notes.
Also, try to answer potential customer’s questions so that they don’t have any reservations while placing an order with you.
Also, communicate important details about your item such as dimensions, the material used, care to be taken during usage and so on.
6. Include right tags and keywords - Most of the potential customers will find your store through search.
So you need to make sure that you title and description has right keywords incorporated into them.
To generate a list of keywords, think about what your potential customer would type into the search bar to find what you’re selling.
Snoop into your competitor's title and description to dig out more relevant keywords.
Also, make a list of relevant keywords that appear in the auto-suggested list of Etsy's search bar and add them to your listings.
Other Options To Etsy -
When you are planning to sell arts and crafts item Etsy should be your first choice of platform.
But if you want to expand your reach even further you should consider selling your arts on the following websites.
Here’s the list of the sites optional to Etsy:
How To Monetize -
Monetization is very simple. More people place orders with you more money you make.
Your customer's rating is going to have a huge impact on improving your sales, brand buildup and credibility.
So make sure that you deliver quality items within your promised delivery dates.
Take time and care while packaging your item so that it doesn’t bend, chip or break in transit.

Saturday, 27 May 2017

Punjab Food Authority Jobs | Last Date Monday, 5th June 2017

Punjab Food Authority Jobs | Last Date Monday, 5th June 2017
Punjab Food Authority
(Screening Test)
 To Download Advertisement :
 To Download Contents Weightages :
 To Download Application Form - A :
 for the posts of BPS-11 and Above
 To Download Application Form - B :
 for the posts of BPS-01 to BPS-10
 Last Date For Application Submission:
 Monday, 5th June 2017
 Test Date:
 Will be Announced Soon​

What are Neural Networks?

What are Neural Networks?
•Neural Networksare networks of neurons, for example, as found in real (i.e. biological) brains •Artificial neuronsare crude approximations of the neurons found in real brains. They may be physical devices, or purely mathematical constructs. •Artificial Neural Networks(ANNs) are networks of Artificial Neurons and hence constitute crude approximations to parts of real brains. They maybe physical devices, or simulated on conventional computers. •From a practical point of view, an ANN is just a parallel computational system consisting of many simple processing elements connected together in a specific way in order to perform a particular task •One should never lose sight of how crude the approximations are, and how over-simplified our ANNsare compared to real brains.
Why are Artificial Neural Networks worth studying?
•They are extremely powerful computational devices •Massive parallelism makes them very efficient •They can learn and generalize from training data –so there is no need for enormous feats of programming •They are particularly fault tolerant •They are very noise tolerant –so they can cope with situations where normal symbolic systems would have difficulty •In principle, they can do anything a symbolic/logic system can do, and more
What are Neural Networks used for?
There are two basic goals for neural network research:
Brain modelling:The biological goal of constructing models of how real brains work. This can potentially help us understand the nature of perception, actions, learning and memory, thought and intelligence and/or formulate medical solutions to brain damaged patients
Artificial System Construction:The engineering goal of building efficient systems for real world applications. This may make machines more powerful and intelligent, relieve humans of tedious tasks, and may even improve upon human performance.
Both methodologies should beregarded as complementary and not competing. We often use exactly the same network architectures and methodologies for both. Progress is made when the two approachesare allowed to feed one another. There are fundamental differences though, e.g. the need for biological plausibility in brain modelling, and the need for computational efficiency in artificial system construction.
Learning Processes in Neural Networks
Among the many interesting properties of a neural network, is the ability of the network to learn from its environment, and to improve its performance through learning. The improvement in performance takes place over time in accordance with some prescribed measure.
A neural network learns about its environment through an iterative process of adjustments applied to its synaptic weights and thresholds. Ideally, the network becomes more knowledgeable about its environment after each iteration of the learning process.
There are three broad types of learning: 1.Supervised learning (i.e. learning with an external teacher) 2.Unsupervised learning (i.e. learning with no help) 3.Reinforcement learning (i.e. learning with limited feedback)
Historical Notes
1943McCulloch and Pitts proposed the McCulloch-Pitts neuron model 1949Hebbpublished his book The Organization of Behaviour, in which the Hebbianlearning rule was introduced 1958Rosenblatt introduced the simple single layer networks called Perceptrons 1969Minskyand Papert’sbook Perceptrons demonstrated the limitation of single layer perceptrons 1980Grossbergintroduced his Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) 1982Hopfield published a series of papers on Hopfield networks 1982Kohonendeveloped the Self-Organizing Feature Maps 1986Back-propagation learning algorithm for multi-layer perceptrons was rediscovered, and the whole field took off again 1990sART-variant networks were developed 1990sRadial Basis Functions were developed 2000sSupport Vector Machines were developed
Neural Network Applications
Brain modelling Aid our understanding of how the brain works, how behaviour emerges from the interaction of networks of neurons, what needs to “get fixed”in brain damaged patients
Real world applications Financial modelling –predicting the stock market Time series prediction –climate, weather, seizures Computer games –intelligent agents, chess, backgammon Robotics –autonomous adaptable robots Pattern recognition –speech recognition, seismic activity, sonar signals Data analysis –data compression, data mining Bioinformatics –DNA sequencing, alignment
The Nervous System
The human nervous system can be broken down into three stages that can be represented in block diagram form as
StimulusReceptorsEffectors Neural NetResponse
The receptorsconvert stimuli from the external environment into electrical impulses that convey information to the neural net (brain)
The effectorsconvert electrical impulses generated by the neural net into responses as system outputs
The neural net (brain)continually receives information, perceives it and makes appropriate decisions.
The flow of information is represented by arrows –feedforwardand feedback
(adapted from Arbib, 1987)
Brains vs. Computers
Processing elements:There are 1014synapses in the brain, compared with 108transistors in the computer Processing speed:100 Hz for the brain compared to 109Hz for the computer Style of computation:The brain computes in parallel and distributed mode, whereas the computer mostly serially and centralized. Fault tolerant:The brain is fault tolerant, whereas the computer is not Adaptive:The brain learns fast, whereas the computer doesn’t even compare with an infant’s learning capabilities Intelligence and consciousness:The brain is highly intelligent and conscious, whereas the computer shows lack of intelligence Evolution:The brains have been evolving for tens of millions of years, computers have been evolving for decades.
Levels of Organization in the Brain
In the brain there are both small-scale and large-scale anatomical organizations, and different functions take place at lower and higher levels.
There is a hierarchy of interwoven levels of organization:
1.Behaviour 2.Systems 3.Microcircuits 4.Neurons 5.Dendrites 6.Synapses 7.Molecules 8.Genes
Microscopic View of the Nervous System
•Nervous system is made up of cells •A cell has a fatty membrane, which is filled with liquid and proteins known as cytoplasm as well as smaller functional parts called organelles •There are two major types of brain cells: (1) neurons, and (2) glia •Neurons are the principal elements involved in information processing in the brain •Gliaprovide support and homeostasis to neurons.
Schematic Diagram of a Biological Neuron
Basic Components of Biological Neurons
•The majority of neurons encode their activation or outputs as a series of brief electrical pulses (i.e. spikesor action potentials) •The neuron’s cell body(soma) processes the incoming activations and converts them into output activations •The neuron’s nucleuscontains the genetic material (DNA) •Dendritesare fibres which emanate from the cell body and provide the receptive zone that receive activation from other neurons •Axonsare fibres acting as transmission lines that send action potentials to other neurons •The junctions that allow signal transmission between the axons and the dendrites are called synapses.The process of transmission is by diffusion of chemicals called neurotransmittersacross the synaptic cleft.
The McCulloch-Pitts Neuron
•This vastly simplified model of real neurons is also known as a Threshold Logic Unit:
1.A set of synapses (i.e. connections) brings in activations from other neurons 2.A processing unit sums the inputs, and then applies a non-linear activation function 3.An output line transmits the result to other neurons

How the Model Neuron Works
•Each input Iiis multiplied by a weight wji(synaptic strength) •These weighted inputs are summed to give the activation level, Aj •The activation level is then transformed by an activation function to produce the neuron’s output, Yi •Wjiis known as the weight from unit i to unit j –Wji> 0, synapse is excitatory –Wji< 0, synapse is inhibitory •Note that Iimay be –External input –The output of some other neuron
The McCulloch-Pitts Neuron Equation
We can now write down the equation for the output Yjof a McCulloch-Pitts neuron as a function of its inputs Ii:
) sgn( 1 θ − = ∑ = n i i j I Y
where θis the neuron’s activation threshold. When
≥ = ∑ = n k k j I if Y 1 1,
< = ∑ = n k k j I if Y 1 0,
Note that the McCulloch-Pitts neuron is an extremely simplified model of real biological neurons. Nevertheless, they are computationally very powerful. One can show that assemblies of such neurons are capable of universal computation.

BMW Concept Link envisions the future of urban mobility

BMW Motorrad created the Vision Next 100 series of concept machines to demonstrate its take on the next century of personal mobility. The Concept Link joins its ranks, showcasing technologies that are likely to dominate future city streets, like electric powertrains and extended connectivity.

 BMW Motorrad unveiled the Concept Link as a study on the future of urban mobility The BMW Motorrad Concept Link pushes the design of the C 650 scooter to the future The BMW Motorrad Concept Link incorporates the orange battery wiring as part of its styling The BMW Motorrad Concept Link uses two discrete LEC (Light Emitting Ceramic) headlights
BMW launched the Vision Next 100 platform last year, as part of its centenary celebration, with a series of concepts that cuts across the group's brands; BMW motorcycles and cars, as well as Mini and Rolls Royce. Today, on the opening day of the annual Concorso d'Eleganza at the Grand Hotel Villa d'Este on the Italian shores of Lake Como, BMW returns with the Concept Link, a two-wheeler looking like a C 650 scooter that just returned from the future.

As expected, the concept relies on an electric propulsion system, with a flat battery pack laid horizontally along the scooter's floor, and an electric motor transferring power to the rear wheel via belt drive.

The Concept Link's styling retains a visual connection with BMW's contemporary C 650 scooters, enriched with overhanging side panels that double as aerodynamic protections. The design proposes covered wheels – a feature common to all Vision Next 100 concepts – and incorporates elements like the orange electrical wiring into the styling.

The typical instrument panel will be a thing of the past according to BMW, with a touchscreen displaying a wide range of information. This programmable display can be controlled with buttons on the handlebars, so that the rider's hands will never need to let go of the controls. Crucial bits of information such as speed, navigation and battery status will also be projected on the windscreen, directly into the rider's field of view – although we might as well assume that by the time the Concept Link hits the streets, head-up display systems will also be common ground in motorcycle helmets.

The absence of an internal combustion engine and all of its paraphernalia – like, for instance, the fuel tank – leaves a lot of useful space over the scooter's battery pack. This allows for a spacious underseat storage compartment, which is accessible through a sliding door on the right side. And, since we're at it, this cover will be controlled with hand gestures, thanks to some innovative riding gear.

The coat displayed in the photos is what BMW considers as tomorrow's motorcycle clothing. Made from water-repellent wool, the casual-looking jacket will incorporate very discrete and thin shoulder and elbow protectors, as well as active areas on the sleeves that connect to the bike's electronics, allowing for actions like controlling the storage access panel.

Although the BMW Motorrad Concept Link does appear to be quite ahead of its time, it's neither the self-balancing motorcycle that will render helmets obsolete, nor the shape-shifting autonomous car of the future. Smartphone connectivity is hardly a novelty in our time, already offered as standard in a wide array of two-wheelers, from KTM's Adventure to Kymco's AK 550 scooter, and windshield display is also on the way.

With most of its technology already commercially available, maybe only the clothing tech that BMW proposes sounds too advanced. Instead, what really keeps the Concept Link from becoming a mass-produced reality is its power source. A look at the i3-derived battery pack of the current C Evolution scooter is enough to explain why BMW's latest design can be nothing more than a futuristic concept – at least, as long as decent range remains a popular requirement.

Pakistan vs Bangladesh Warm up Match Live Online Streaming May 27, 2017

Get Pakistan vs Bangladesh Warm up Match Live Commentary & Score played at Birmingham on May 27, 2017. Get Ban vs Pak 2nd Warm up Match live cricket scorecard and ball by ball commentary updates. Here the big match, where the two Asian teams stands against each other after a long time. Bangladesh won their last ODI match series at their home ground.


#Ch1 : 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9
#Ch2 : 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 17
#Ch3 : 3, 6, 7, 8, 11, 17
#Ch4 : 2, 5, 7, 9, 10
#Ch5 : 1, 5, 9, 11
#Ch6 : 1, 2, 6, 8, 10, 12
#Ch7 : 1, 2, 3, 8, 12
#Ch8 : 1, 3, 7, 10, 11
#Ch9 : 2, 3, 4, 7, 10
#Ch10 : 1, 3, 10, 11
#Ch11 : 5, 6, 7, 9, 10
#Ch1: Significant figure with example, dimensions, random error**
#Ch2: Unit-null and position vector, torque with SI unit, static and dynamic equilibrium**
#Ch3: Elastic and inelastic collision, momentum with SI unit, projectile motion**
#Ch4: Prove P=F.V, work-energy principle, geyser, escape velocity, aquifir**
#Ch5: Angular velocity and orbital velocity, geostationary satellite, centripetal force and centripetal acceleration**
#Ch6: Drag force, streamline and turbulent flow, venturi meter and its relation**
#Ch7: S.H.M. with example, resonance, free and forced oscillation**
#Ch8: Stationary waves and Doppler effect**
#Ch10: Near point,angular magnification**
2.3, 2.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.12, 4.6, 4.7, 5.5, 5.8, 5.11, 8.3, 8.5, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6
3.1, 3.3, 3.5, 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 7.1, 7.2, 7.5 9.2, 9.3, 9.6, 11.1, 11.2, 11.8, 11.9


LESSONS No :- 1 to 7,10,13,14**
PLAYS :- 1,3**
1 to 9,11,13,17,19**
1 :- Foolish Stag**
2 :- Honesty is best Policy** 3 :- A Bag of Gold
4 :- God helps those who help themselves
5 :- Union is Strength**
6 :- Try try Again**
7 :- Pride hath a Fall**
8 :- Look before You Leap**
9 :- A Friend is Need is a Friend Indeed
10 :- A Rowling Stone gathers no Moss
1 :- Thanking for Birthday Present**
2 :- Increase your Monthly Allowance**
3 :- Lend you a Camera for a Week**
4 :- Letter to Father/Brother Abt Your Poor Performance in the Exams
5 :- Asking Your Friend about His Ailing Health
6 :- To Friend Condoling his Mother's Death
7 :- Inviting Your Friend to Attend a Marriage Party of Your Brother Abt your Dislike about Hostel Life
8 :- Your First Impression of College

Entry Test 2017 schedule of all major universities

*** Entry Test 2017 schedule of all major universities ***
Team Xnews wishes you best of luck. Stay tuned to our page for further updates.

Friday, 26 May 2017

China successfully installed the containment dome for its 1st demonstration nuclear power project using Hualong One technology

China successfully installed the containment dome for its 1st demonstration nuclear power project using Hualong One technology, a domestically-developed 3rd-generation reactor design in east China's Fujian.
The installation marks the completion of construction work on the pilot project and the beginning of the assembly stage.

GCUF Schedule final exam spring 2017

Schedule final exam spring 2017 (Regular)
Final Exam:               22-05-2017    to    02-06-2017
Result submission :  09-06-2017
Result Declaration:  15-06-2017
Schedule final exam Spring 2017 (Weekend)
Mid Exam:                 27,28-05-2017 & 03,04-06-2017

The road to Robocop: Policing in the 21st century

Robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) promise to revolutionize almost every field of human endeavor, and law enforcement is certainly no exception. And not just in the labs and interrogation rooms, but on the front line of policing. With the prospect of robot police officers hitting our streets, it's worth taking a moment to look at the current state of affairs, where we're headed, and whether it's a good idea to give robots guns.

 The AnBot on patrol in China This gun-toting bot is straight from Russia The Dogo fits a small 9mm Glock pistol The SGR-A1 sentry robot equipped with machine guns and currently patrolling the DMZ between North and South Korea
Thirty years ago, the science fiction film RoboCop featured a memorable scene in which a giant mega-corporation reveals a law-enforcement droid called ED-209. Introduced as "the future of law enforcement," the intimidating robot's boardroom debut was an unmitigated disaster when the robot failed to recognize when its identified threat had dropped his gun, resulting in a violently effective demonstration of why lethal, autonomous police robots are potentially a terrible idea.

Fast forward to 2017 and we see fiction slowly becoming reality, albeit in a classically incremental way. In recent months we've seen the first ever robotic police officers being deployed across China and in Dubai. These initial robocops are essentially glorified security guards or mobile information touch screens, tasked with passing general information onto citizens.

The Chinese robot, called AnBot, is a bit like a cross between R2D2 and a Dalek. Initially rolled out into airports and train stations, the robot has facial recognition technology that can track potential criminals and forward information to a central command manned by human operators.

Over in Dubai they went for a more humanoid-looking robot, although it is still restricted to similar menial tasks. These machines are the first generation of robotic police, and they most certainly will not be the last. The Dubai Police has already announced its intention to develop a more mobile robot by 2020, and it aims to have a human-free police station manned completely by robots by 2030.

While robots are increasingly replacing humans in jobs that require menial or repetitive tasks, it is not surprising to see this first wave of police robots doing more banal administrative work.

In 2015, the Democratic Republic of Congo set up a series of bizarre traffic directing robots. These bulky, Transformer-like robots were ultimately just supercharged traffic lights with surveillance cameras that could send real time data to police stations. The idea was that by incorporating surveillance into a humanoid shape, motorists would feel more pressure to obey road rules. Strangely enough, the initiative appears to have worked, with locals responding positively to their new giant traffic-directing overlords.

"There are certain drivers who don't respect the traffic police," One taxi driver reported to AFP. "But with the robot it will be different. We should respect the robot."

Are we giving robots guns now?

In 2016, Dallas police strapped a pound of C-4 to a bomb-disposal robot and sent it toward a sniper that had been targeting officers. Similar improvisation tactics had been deployed by the military for some time, but this was the first time in the United States that a police force had utilized a lethally armed robot to take down a criminal.

Needless to say, the move was controversial, opening up a Pandora's box of "slippery slope" commentaries questioning how far this kind of robotically controlled lethal force could be taken. Are we giving robots guns now? Well… yes.

Russia's Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin recently posted a startling video on social media showing a gun-toting robot being trained to fire two pistols simultaneously. Rogozin followed up the admittedly impressive footage with the claim that Russia wasn't trying to create a Terminator, but guns were being used as a "way of teaching machines to allocate priorities and instantly make decisions."

At the risk of sounding paranoid, anyone educated on a healthy volume of dystopian science fiction should know that when someone says they are not trying to create a Terminator, that is exactly when they do create a Terminator.

Less hyperbolically, a more modest gun-toting bot has been developed by an Israel-Based robotics firm. Called Dogo, this is a small, Roomba-like robot with a built in 9 mm Glock pistol. Marketed to SWAT, law-enforcement and first responders, Dogo offers live video surveillance and a trademarked "Point and Shoot" interface that can "quickly acquire the target with a simple touch of the screen."

The introduction of a bot like Dogo into the law enforcement robotics market pushes us way past any questions about whether we should be arming robots. The concern that needs to be asked now is whether the deployment of a robot with weapons should ever be autonomous?

Autonomous sentry robots

At this very moment, a series of sentry robots dubbed SGR-A1 are posted along the South Korean border facing North Korea. Initial prototypes of these machine-gun wielding robots developed jointly between Samsung and Korea University were produced in 2006. SGR-A1 has sophisticated object and pattern recognition systems and is programmed to project a loud audio warning when it detects any unidentified persons approaching.

As these robots are stationed facing the DMZ on the border between North and South Korea they are set to target any human approaching. If the human cannot provide a voice access code, the robot can sound an alarm or shoot its machine guns. Unsurprisingly, there has been a great deal of controversy surrounding just how much autonomy the robot has over discharging its weapons.

South Korean officials have claimed that the robot cannot fire its weapons without human intervention, although there are several media reports that dispute this, claiming that the system does have an autonomous mode where the machine can decide to fire without human approval.

The SGR-A1 feels like a robot right out of the ED-209 playbook. These types of gut-toting autonomous robots could be operating right now in tense stand-offs like the DMZ in Korea, but it's hard to see them appearing on our urban streets anytime soon. The idea of an autonomous weapon-wielding robocop could be a little way off, but if we take autonomy out of the equation the picture changes dramatically.

In 2012, a lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy Reserves joined forces with a team of researchers at Florida International University (FIU).The plan was to create a telerobotics system that would allow disabled law enforcement officers back onto the streets, after a fashion. Much like in the film Avatar, the idea was that a custom-built robot be designed that is controlled remotely by the disabled officer. The so-called "PatrolBot" would be able to mimic the movements of its controller who comfortably directs it via a VR headset from the safety of the police station.

It's a remarkable idea and obviously quite some time from being realistically rolled out into the real world, but the FIU team did create a working, albeit boxy, prototype. At this stage it looks more like the robot from Lost In Space than a sophisticated Robocop, although as a proof of concept it is a fascinating idea. All the benefits of a robocop, while keeping human police officers out of danger yet still responsible for making decision.

Of course, we would hope the control mechanisms of such robots are not easily hackable. System security being the huge elephant in the room if we are talking about giving robots guns and having them patrol our streets.

The future of policing is undoubtedly going to be as touched by technology as every other field of human endeavor, but in this area it is worth treading lightly. Unlike that factory bot slipping onto a production line, these robocops will be wandering our neighborhoods and potentially wielding weapons.




How to create Amazon Affiliate/Associate Account

Follow the steps to create Amazon Affiliate/Associate Account
1-Signup on this URL
2-After signup Fill the form and insert proper information 
3-For Mobile Verification you can use "Textnow " Application for android and IOS.
4-After mobile verification you can login into account and get your affiliate links for products.
5-For payment you can use Direct Deposit(Payoneer), Bank Transfer(Not recommended) or Amazon gift cards.
6- Amazon issues payment after 60 days so the earnings of January will be received in 1st April.
7-To withdraw payment you need to fill the Tax Information and that's a simple form you can fill it with necessary details.
8-For each country you need to create different account of amazon.Becasue if a UK visitor purchase a product from US amazon account then you will not get comission.
Any other question please ask in comments and it will be helpful for others. 

Thursday, 25 May 2017

8 Signs of Emotional Intelligence in Leadership

What Is Emotional Intelligence?

The term was first defined in 1990 by two behavioral researchers named Peter Salavoy and John Mayer, and it was more broadly popularized by Daniel Goleman in his 1996 book, Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ.

Emotional intelligence is defined as "a form of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one’s own and others’ feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them, and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and action."

So, what does that actually mean, in plain English?

Emotional intelligence, or EQ (a play on intelligence quotient, or IQ), refers to your ability to handle emotions -- your own, and those of others. It's the ability to recognize and understand your emotions, having control over them, and help others do the same. And as you can imagine, these people skills can be just as important to professional (and personal) success as technical skills.

In fact, there's actually no correlation between a high level of cognitive intelligence (IQ) and a high level of emotional intelligence (EQ). Psychologist Daniel Goleman thinks that the measurement of IQ is too restrictive and doesn't accurately reflect if an individual will be successful, in their career or life in general.

Goleman and Dr. Richard Boyatzis created a framework of behavioral qualities that demonstrate EQ. In this post, we'll explore 10 of these behaviors that leaders can use to show EQ and foster it in their teams.

8 Qualities That Demonstrate Emotional Intelligence in Leadership
1) Adaptability

Are you flexible to changes on your team and within your organization? Are you resilient when confronted with conflict and difficulty? Are you able to quickly manage the expectations and needs of both the people you report to and the direct reports on your team?

Adaptability is a key trait of emotionally intelligent leaders. Whether you're dealing with a bad month of metrics, an interpersonal conflict between team members, or a company crisis that requires an all hands response, leaders need to be able to quickly react and respond to new and changing information. They also need to be able to respond to change with compassion and diplomacy -- even if the changes might not be to their preference. Grudges, overly emotional reactions, and negative one-off complaints are unproductive, can contribute to low morale, and are generally signs of low EQ.

Leaders should set examples for emotionally intelligent adaptability by encouraging teams to present constructive feedback in team meetings or 1:1s. Leaders should also acknowledge pain points that come with change and encourage team members to brainstorm solutions and techniques for quick recovery.

2) Optimism

Are you able to motivate team members and people around you in the workplace? Can you change the mood with a joke or positive outlook on a tough situation? Are you able to help someone stuck in a negative mindset see a different perspective?

Just like adaptability, optimism is critical for leaders to motivate and uplift a team during tough times at work. Now, optimism doesn't mean you're relentlessly positive, no matter what. It means you can see the bigger picture of a difficult situation or bad mood to get perspective and keep moving forward -- instead of getting bogged down in negativity.

Leaders should encourage team members to look at all sides of a problem to gain perspective, come up with creative solutions to challenges, and help point it out for them when they can't do it themselves.

3) Initiative

Do you try to identify and solve problems before they arise? Do you volunteer to make things better for your peers and your team? Do you always follow up on conflicts and questions brought to you by team members? Do you not only complete the asks of your role, but look for ways to get even better results?

The ability -- and eagerness -- to take initiative is another sign of emotional intelligence in leadership. In fact, doing the bare minimum can sometimes be perceived as selfish -- even if you are technically getting your job done every day.

Leaders with a high EQ seek out ways to improve and excel -- and that includes helping team members take initiative, too. Leaders should identify and cultivate strengths in their team members and help them get to the point where they're confident and capable enough to take initiative, too. Other examples include volunteering to take on additional work, team projects, or simply helping others complete tasks in the office.

4) Conflict Resolution

Do you moderate interpersonal conflict discretely and effectively? Do you help team members navigate disagreement or clashing priorities in a way that's respectful to everyone involved? Do you advocate for your team to make sure members feel supported and heard?

Let's face it -- if you work on a team, conflict is bound to happen, even among the closest of colleagues. When that happens, leaders have to help come to solutions that make everyone involved feel heard, respected, and resolved.

Emotionally intelligent leaders should provide team members with plenty of opportunities to talk -- in person, via phone or video call, or as a team -- to resolve issues and air challenges before they devolve into unhappiness and dissatisfaction. Leaders should empower team members with conflict solutions, new processes, and more of that adaptability to prevent future problems before they arise. And sometimes, the greatest conflict resolution a leader can offer is letting a team member vent and get a problem off their chest.

5) Professional Development

Do you encourage team members to learn and cultivate new skills? Do you help team members identify strengths and target areas of improvement? Do you deliver constructive and actionable feedback? And when the time comes, do you advocate for team members to seek new opportunities, even if those opportunities aren't working with you anymore?

As Saturday Night Live writer and actor Tina Fey once said, "in most cases, being a good boss means hiring talented people and then getting out of their way." She's obviously a very emotionally intelligent leader, and we encourage leaders to take it a step further than that for best results.

Hire talented people and develop their skills and talents so they're the best they can be -- even if that potentially means losing them as a team member. Emotionally intelligent leaders can prioritize the development of others over their own desire to have the best team possible. These leaders should help employees identify talents, improve on strengths and weaknesses, and help team members take on new opportunities they might not without a leader's encouragement.

6) Empathy

Do you put yourself in teammates' shoes when addressing challenges and problems with them? Do you acknowledge others' feelings and opinions and respond to them? Do you share your own emotions and worries with team members to help them feel understood?

Effective leaders must be empathetic in order to also be emotionally intelligent. Empathy means not just listening to team members, but making them feel heard and understood, too. Leaders should constantly seek to understand the perspective of their team members to effectively communicate changes, feedback, and news -- both good and bad.

Empathetic leaders can deliver feedback in team members' preferred method of communication, tailor meetings and communication according to different personalities and styles, and adapt their leadership style to what's most effective for motivating and helping the larger group.

7) Trustworthiness

Do teammates confide in you? Do you know when to keep information confidential, and when to escalate it through the proper channels? Do teammates feel comfortable bringing concerns to you when they arise?

Trust isn't just about keeping secrets your team members confide in you -- it's also about creating an environment of mutual trust where team members feel supported and comfortable.

Emotionally intelligent leaders should provide team members with multiple avenues for providing feedback, airing grievances, and voicing questions or concerns -- without feeling vulnerable or wrong for doing so. They should encourage team members to support and rely on each other, work collaboratively, and share knowledge and skills for better team outcomes.

8) Self-Reflection

Do you analyze your strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement on a regular basis? Do you engage with your direct reports and your supervisors to get 360-degree professional feedback? Do you set monthly, quarterly, or annual goals for improvement and personal development?

In addition to all of the above, one of the most meaningful ways leaders can cultivate their emotional intelligence to drive better team outcomes is to pause and reflect on themselves. It can be challenging to critique yourself, which is where collaborative feedback comes in. Emotionally intelligent leaders constantly seek feedback from peers and other leaders to analyze and strategize how to constantly improve -- in meetings, 1:1s, and by seeking to learn from other sources.








A Quick Guide to Snapchat for Nonprofits

Snapchat is on the rise in a big way. The popular photo-sharing and messaging app is becoming so big that even other social networks - like Facebook and Instagram - are beginning to incorporate their own versions of Snapchat's unique features.

Check out some of these statistics: 158 million active users creating 2.5 billion Snaps per day, with 9,000 Snaps every second. That's a huge user base that you can leverage into potential supporters!

But first things first: How can you use a photo app to communicate your nonprofit's story to the masses? Organizations such as Ocean Conservancy, Human Rights Campaign, and Girl Guides of Canada are all embracing this social network, and setting it up is more simple than you might think.

Snap to it
Snapchat's two most famous functions are "Snaps" and "Stories". The former is a quick photo you can take with the app that gets sent via messaging to friends, but then it deletes itself after 10 seconds. When it comes to Snaps, you can still save good ones before they disappear forever by saving them to your Memories tab - that way, anyone can view your curated collection of individual Snaps.

And then there are Stories - a feature which, as we mentioned, is rapidly spreading across other social networks as well. Stories are little video collections of your Snaps that you can put together which only last for 24 hours. Stories don't have to be sent directly to your friends - instead, they can be visible for everyone to watch.

How nonprofits can use it
On the surface, these two functions seem pretty Millennial-focused and probably more used by teens sending each other selfies. But your nonprofit can leverage Snapchat to give a creative spin on visual storytelling - something that's very important in terms of inspiring people.

For example, if you've got a peer-to-peer event happening, why not collect a few Snaps to Stories or Memories that show off how much fun everyone's having and what a big impact the event is having on the community?

If it's new donors and participants you're looking for, try putting together some Snaps that tell a cohesive narrative when you put them into Stories. For example, if you work at an animal shelter, you could assemble Snaps of cute animals that are up for adoption. If you have a charity that works with impoverished people, put together some before-and-after Stories that show how your company is helping change lives for the better.

Geofilters are another clever way to use Snapchat to promote your nonprofit. To understand geofilters and how they work with Snapchat, let's break the word down: filters and geofencing.

First, filters in Snapchat are one of its defining - and super dynamic - features. They allow you to overlay fun animations or special effects on top of the photo you've snapped. (There are also lenses, which put the effects overtop of the photo while you're snapping it.)

A geofence refers to the GPS coverage of geographical area, putting boundaries around it like a virtual fence. It's perfect if you're looking to restrict usage of a filter to only a specific region or venune.

Combining geofencing with an exclusive Snapchat filter for an event - also known as a geofilter - is a prime way to get supporter-created content online. Geofilters have a few restrictions: namely, you can't put your nonprofit's email, phone number, or hashtag on it, and you can't use more than two lines of text. But what you <I>can</I> do is make it look pretty, exclusive, and fun, so even people who aren't familiar with your nonprofit will want to use it!

For example, at FrontStream, we put together a geofilter for P2P Forum back in March. Here's what it looked like:

<blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr">Atlanta themed Snapchat filter for <a href="">#P2PForum17</a> <a href="">@P2PForum</a> ! Swiiiiiipe right or ask us how to find it ♥️🌸 <a href=""></a></p>&mdash; FrontStream (@FrontStream) <a href="">February 28, 2017</a></blockquote>

<script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script>

People located within the radius of the P2P Forum venue were able to have access to this geofilter through Snapchat, and we encouraged everyone to try it out.

There are two options for geofilters. A community filter is free, so if there’s something happening in your town, like a parade or a run or an awareness day, you can submit your artwork for free as long as you don’t have a brand or organizational logo in there. The Snapchat team will decide whether or not to approve your filter based your content and what other filters are already available in the area.

The second option is a paid one, and it lets you include your NPO or charity’s logo. As an advertiser, you are more likely to be approved. Our Snapchat filter was created under this option, and coverage of 36,000 square feet for three days only cost $60 USD, so it can be very affordable for your nonprofit!

If you're looking for additional ways for your nonprofit to use geofilters, check out this informative list of tips. Some suggestions include using a geofilter to make a virtual prop for people, to promote an international "day", or simply foster a sense of inclusiveness when you use the geofilter.

Get promoting
Once you’ve set up your nonprofit’s Snapchat account, it’s important to get the word out and start building your friends list! Take this example from the Animal Humane Society – they use the “ghost” code image for easy access to their adorable feed of animal photos. Be sure to set up your own ghost code and start showing it off on all your nonprofit’s social networks!

There's no reason to be wary of trying out new social media for your nonprofit - in fact, something like Snapchat could be just the thing to get new prospects interested as well as engage your current donor base. Give it a try and see what creative fundraising promotions you can come up with!

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